Hungarian composer Gyorgy Ligeti received the prize for his “Etudes for Piano,” a set of six short works. None of the pieces are longer than 3 and one-half minutes, but they are “major, major music,” said Nelson Keyes, executive secretary of the Grawemeyer Award.
Ligeti was considered a major influence on 20th century music since the 1960 premiere of his “Apparitions” at an International Society of Contemporary Music concert in Cologne. Earlier, he had taught at the Budapest Academy of Music; he left that institution in 1956 and moved to Vienna in search of artistic freedom. –http://grawemeyer.org/1986-gyorgy-ligeti/
Winner of the 1986 Grawemeyer Award in Music Composition.
Last week my library colleague, Chris Gevara, and I, hopped on a bus full of (mostly) women, and headed to Washington DC for the Women’s March on January 21st. Our former colleague and emerita library staffer Sage Holben was on a different bus in our same group. A number of our library colleagues and their families marched at the Minnesota State Capitol for the “sister march” held the same day. By now you’ve heard the stories of the march and seen the pictures, and have likely read that the March may have been the largest demonstration in US history. It was truly inspiring, an experience that I will never forget, and that still gives me chills to think about. It felt good, and positive, and safe, in spite of my apprehension around crowds. And I think it is no accident that I know so many librarians who marched.
I brought with me some hand-knit pink hats crafted by friends, a sign that my two young sons helped me make and a Kindle e-reader full of books to inspire me, such as Citizen: An American Lyric by Claudia Rankine and We Should All Be Feminists by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. As it happened, I didn’t read all that much on the bus, mostly because the people seated around me turned out to be some of the nicest, most interesting people I have met, and we learned a lot about each other on that trip… on the 22 hour ride to DC, and the 22 hour ride back to Minnesota.
Marches, protests, rallies and other forms of civic engagement are fundamental parts of our democracy, and are an important form of free speech. As a librarian, I relish and strive to protect speech in all forms. Speech in books, in song, in prayer, in tweets, and in handwritten signs held by marchers. Libraries exist as a way to foster the creation, dissemination, and preservation of speech. Did you know that libraries and archives have already begun collecting and preserving the signs held by the women’s marchers? I think it is amazing!
My own walk at the Women’s March was relatively easy, but I march in the footsteps of so many others who have had much harder walks, who have put their bodies on the line for civil rights, for suffrage, and for equality. In Birmingham, where firehoses and dogs were turned on Black bodies as they marched for civil rights. In Stonewall, where the LGBT community rose up against the police to fight for the right to live and love freely and openly. These protests were not always peaceful, and they were not always “legal”, but they were right. Martin Luther King Jr. is best known for his powerful words, but he blocked traffic, too. But these marches and these actions were just, they were important, and they changed our country for the better. I look back at various points in history and I think about what I would have done if I had lived in “those” times. I feel like now is one of “those” moments, and THIS is what I need to be doing. I occupy a space of privilege in our society, and I am trying to find ways to put my body on the line, to put myself next to, or in front of, bodies that are facing harm.
“One has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws.”
― Martin Luther King Jr.
Libraries are not neutral spaces. Librarians, as a profession, have a Library Bill of Rights that we adhere to. We fiercely protect the privacy of our patrons, protect their access to computers and to reading material, and fight censorship of all types. But this goes far beyond the space within the library walls. Inequality, injustice, ableism, racism – all these things can become an issue of lack of access. Libraries can be a site for resistance to that. But if we (libraries) remain silent, we can become part of the system that perpetuates injustices. We become part of the problem. We like to think of libraries as a safe space, as place of sanctuary. But it is not enough just to exist, to just open the doors and hope people come in. We need to fight to create a space that is truly open and welcoming to all.
“I love America more than any other country in the world, and, exactly for this
reason, I insist on the right to criticize her perpetually.” – James Baldwin
As a librarian I am troubled by the way the news media seems to be failing us. I am hopeful that some of our best reporters will write good pieces, challenging pieces, and that we will listen, that we will be able to separate the important news from that which is distracting or untrue. But I also hope we will turn to each other and listen to our individual lived experiences and learn from them, too. There are people who you know, in your life, people who have important stories to tell, who have lived through wars and turmoil, who have seen great things and beautiful things and who suffered and who marched! You should listen to them. In real life, and not just on Facebook. Ask them about what they experienced. Ask them to share their stories with a library, or to participate in a project such as with the Veterans History project of the Library of Congress or the Transgender Oral History Project at the University of Minnesota. And you should tell your stories, because they are important, too. And if you want to learn more about the Women’s March, feel free to reach out to me, Jennifer.email@example.com because I’d be happy to share more about my experience with you.
“Without libraries what have we? We have no past and no future.”
-Ray BradburyAbout the Author
Jennifer DeJonghe is a Librarian and Professor at Metropolitan State University Library.
Take a look at the new books and videos we added to our collection in January. You can find these and everything else in our collection through our catalog, MnPALS Plus. Here are just a few of the new titles on our shelves. Check them out!
Great news for New York Times readers! LexisNexis Academic has expanded their coverage to include both the print and online versions, updated every 15 minutes. See for yourself:
Please contact us if you have any questions about LexisNexis or our other online news resources.
Nearly every week we read about a tragedy or scandal that could have been prevented if individuals had said no to ill-advised or illegitimate orders. In this timely book, Ira Chaleff explores when and how to disobey inappropriate orders, reduce unacceptable risk, and find better ways to achieve legitimate goals.
The inspiration for the book, and its title, comes from the concept of intelligent disobedience used in guide dog training. Guide dogs must recognize and resist a command that would put their human and themselves at risk and identify safer options for achieving the goal. This is precisely what Chaleff helps humans do. Using both deeply disturbing and uplifting examples, as well as critical but largely forgotten research, he shows how to create a culture where, rather than “just following orders,” people hold themselves accountable to do the right thing, always. –amazon.com
Winner of the 2015 Outstanding Leadership Book Award from the University of San Diego’s Department of Leadership Studies.
Of his work Greg Glazner has written: “My poems often take as their starting points the landscape of the West–at times immense and impersonal, and at times a ground for human conflict. The sources are various: Texas farm life, suburban aspirations, television, Baptist oratory, northern New Mexico, the Montana wildernesses. But I hope that, finally, my work is about themes: living in the face of death, of violence, of bitterness, and finding a way to praise that living without looking away from its real terms.” There’s great passion in Greg Glazner’s thoughtful meditations, passion for language, for memory, for humanity and the natural world. It is a verse rich in music and emotional layerings from a voice that gives us the strength to ask ourselves “what we might be able, after all, to endure/among the ordinary blooms, dissolutions, /the frantic pleasures & denials, /the iron & hallucinatory beauty of our days.”
Winner of the 1991 Walt Whitman Award from the Academy of American Poets.
This is a stirring collection of diaries written by young people, ages 12 to 22, during the Holocaust. Some of the writers were refugees, others were hiding or passing as non-Jews, some were imprisoned in ghettos, and nearly all perished before liberation
Winner of the 2001 National Jewish Book Award for a book on the Holocaust.
Here is a lavishly produced gallery of more than 400 western American paintings and sculptures–from the 16th century to the present–seen in the sweeping context of an exciting narrative history of this sublime, unforgiving and legendary country. 420 illustrations, 270 in full color.
Winner of the 1991 Western Heritage Award for art books.
During World War II some 120,000 Japanese Americans were forcibly removed from their homes and detained in concentration camps in several states. These Japanese Americans lost millions of dollars in property and were forced to live in so-called “assembly centers” surrounded by barbed wire fences and armed sentries. In this insightful and groundbreaking work, Brian Hayashi reevaluates the three-year ordeal of interred Japanese Americans. Using previously undiscovered documents, he examines the forces behind the U.S. government’s decision to establish internment camps. His conclusion: the motives of government officials and top military brass likely transcended the standard explanations of racism, wartime hysteria, and leadership failure. Among the other surprising factors that played into the decision, Hayashi writes, were land development in the American West and plans for the American occupation of Japan. What was the long-term impact of America’s actions? While many historians have explored that question, Hayashi takes a fresh look at how U.S. concentration camps affected not only their victims and American civil liberties, but also people living in locations as diverse as American Indian reservations and northeast Thailand.
Winner of the 2006 Robert G. Athearn Award from the Western History Association.
Through the interpretive lens of colonial theory, Jeffrey Ostler presents an original analysis of the tumultuous relationship between the Plains Sioux and the United States in the 1800s. He provides novel insights on well-known aspects of the Sioux story, such as the Oregon Trail, the deaths of “Crazy Horse” and “Sitting Bull”, and the Ghost Dance, and offers an in-depth look at many lesser-known facets of Sioux history and culture. Paying close attention to Sioux perspectives of their history, the book demonstrates how the Sioux creatively responded to the challenges of U.S. expansion and domination, revealing simultaneously how U.S. power increasingly limited the autonomy of their communities as the century came to a close. Ostler’s innovative analysis of the Plains Sioux culminates in a compelling reinterpretation of the events that led to the Wounded Knee massacre of December 29, 1890. –amazon.com
Winner of the 2005 Caughey-Western History Association Prize from the Western History Association.
This magnificent, sweeping work traces the histories of the Native peoples of the American West from their arrival thousands of years ago to the early years of the nineteenth century. Emphasizing conflict and change, One vast winter count offers a new look at the early history of the region by blending ethnohistory, colonial history, and frontier history. Drawing on a wide range of oral and archival sources from across the West, Colin G. Calloway offers an unparalleled glimpse at the lives of generations of Native peoples in a western land soon to be overrun. –amazon.com
Winner of the 2004 John C. Ewers Award from the Western History Association.
This sweeping, richly evocative study examines the origins and legacies of a flourishing captive exchange economy within and among native American and Euramerican communities throughout the Southwest Borderlands from the Spanish colonial era to the end of the nineteenth century.
Indigenous and colonial traditions of capture, servitude, and kinship met and meshed in the borderlands, forming a “slave system” in which victims symbolized social wealth, performed services for their masters, and produced material goods under the threat of violence. Slave and livestock raiding and trading among Apaches, Comanches, Kiowas, Navajos, Utes, and Spaniards provided labor resources, redistributed wealth, and fostered kin connections that integrated disparate and antagonistic groups even as these practices renewed cycles of violence and warfare.
Always attentive to the corrosive effects of the “slave trade” on Indian and colonial societies, the book also explores slavery’s centrality in intercultural trade, alliances, and “communities of interest” among groups often antagonistic to Spanish, Mexican, and American modernizing strategies. The extension of the moral and military campaigns of the American Civil War to the Southwest in a regional “war against slavery” brought differing forms of social stability but cost local communities much of their economic vitality and cultural flexibility.
Winner of the 2003 W. Turrentine Jackson Award from the Western History Association.
Keep up with the flurry of activity in the US Congress with CQ Magazine.
CQ Magazine, formerly CQ Weekly, provides superior reporting on the world’s most powerful legislative body completely and accurately every week
Wednesday January 18th is Winnie the Pooh day, also known as A.A. Milne’s birthday. The man behind the stories of a boy and his favorite bear would have been 135 years old if he were alive today.Photo credit Wikimedia commons
People may or may not know that Milne was inspired to write the stories because of his real-life son Christopher Robin and his toy bear Winnie-the-pooh. Christopher had originally named his bear Edward, but was so fond of the bear Winnipeg at the London zoo that he renamed his toy Winnie-the-pooh.Photo credit Wikimedia commons
The real-life Winnie-the-pooh, or Winnipeg as she was known, was a Canadian black bear that had been purchased as a cub by a Canadian soldier named Captain Harry Colebourn. Colebourn then smuggled Winnipeg into Britain while training during WWI. Upon receiving his marching orders for France, the soldier gave the bear to the London zoo for safe keeping. Winnipeg was so loved by everyone at the zoo that after returning from war, Colebourn decided to let her stay and live out the remainder of her life there.
Click to view slideshow. Photo Credits: therealwinnie.ryerson.ca lookatthesegems.com huffingtonpost.com Wikimedia commons
For more information on the story of the real Winnie-the-Pooh, check out the book Finding Winnie by Lindsay Mattick.About the Author
Mallory Kroschel is a Information Commons Specialist at Metropolitan State University Library.
In Long day’s journey Carlos Schwantes gathers historical photographs, advertisements, posters, and contemporary accounts to recreate one of the most colorful periods in the American West. He traces the rapidly evolving saga of miners and settlers struggling to get from here to there in the days before railroads reached the West, trying to establish methods of transportation and communication between the eastern United States and the new territories that became Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming―first by sea, around continents, then by land and water routes across America. Many of the enduring images and myths of the West derive from this era: the Pony Express, mule trains and plodding ox-team freighters, the picturesque side-wheelers and stern-wheelers that churned along the rivers, the colorful Concord stagecoaches drawn by four or six jingling, fleet horses.
Schwantes describes in detail the technology of pre-industrial modes of transportation. He explains the economics that linked the birth and death of western towns and cities, the business history of entrepreneurs and stagecoach and steamboat companies, and the challenges facing passengers and employees on the stages and steamers of the northern West. Integrating more than 200 historical photographs and other illustrations with vivid contemporary accounts, Schwantes presents a fascinating history of Americans forging the first working connections between the West and the rest of America―connections that the railroads would soon smooth and strengthen. –amazon.com
Winner of the 2001 Joan Paterson Kerr Book Award from the Western History Association.
Credo Reference is featuring the following Topic Pages this month:
Credo Reference includes 816 reference ebooks and more than 3.4 million full text entries. Take a look!
In 1940, Phoenix was a small, agricultural city of sixty-five thousand, and the Navajo Reservation was an open landscape of scattered sheepherders. Forty years later, Phoenix had blossomed into a metropolis of 1.5 million people and the territory of the Navajo Nation was home to two of the largest strip mines in the world. Five coal-burning power plants surrounded the reservation, generating electricity for export to Phoenix, Los Angeles, and other cities. Exploring the postwar developments of these two very different landscapes, Power lines tells the story of the far-reaching environmental and social inequalities of metropolitan growth, and the roots of the contemporary coal-fueled climate change crisis.
Andrew Needham explains how inexpensive electricity became a requirement for modern life in Phoenix–driving assembly lines and cooling the oppressive heat. Navajo officials initially hoped energy development would improve their lands too, but as ash piles marked their landscape, air pollution filled the skies, and almost half of Navajo households remained without electricity, many Navajos came to view power lines as a sign of their subordination in the Southwest. Drawing together urban, environmental, and American Indian history, Needham demonstrates how power lines created unequal connections between distant landscapes and how environmental changes associated with suburbanization reached far beyond the metropolitan frontier. Needham also offers a new account of postwar inequality, arguing that residents of the metropolitan periphery suffered similar patterns of marginalization as those faced in America’s inner cities.
Winner of the 2015 Hal K. Rothman Book Prize from the Western History Association.
There’s also a new video biography of Patrick Soon-Shiong, winner of the 2016 Bower Award for Business Leadership.
“Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” -Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.
Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. is considered one of the most inspirational leaders of the United States of America. He was a leader who led people to change. If it was not for his determination to see change and to rally everyone together to march to equality and freedom we would not have the privileges we have today. His voice and intellectual speeches united many across the world to join the fight against injustice.
Martian Luther King Jr. learned and followed Gandhi’s principles of peace which, encouraged him to pursue the Civil Rights Movement. His phenomenal speeches, mainly his “I Have A Dream” speech, changed the hearts of millions across the world. Martin Luther King Jr. led the civil rights movement until his assassination April 4th, 1968. The legacy he left still lives on.
This Martin Luther King Jr. Holiday should be a reminder of the effort and work that Martin Luther King Jr. put in to stand against the injustices that took place in America. Knowing the risks, he still became the leader that influenced change in this country. To read more about Martin Luther King Jr. and his accomplishments check out our book display located on the second floor of the Metropolitan State University Library.About the Author
Bartona Alexander is a student at Metropolitan State University studying biology and a student worker in the library.
John Caspar Wild, expert painter and lithographer, produced some of the earliest known depictions of urban America in the nineteenth century. His paintings and prints of Philadelphia; Cincinnati; St. Louis; and Davenport, Iowa, among others, stand as valuable historical records of these cities in an era before large-scale industrialization changed their character.
This beautifully illustrated book presents Wild’s paintings and prints for all to appreciate, and a catalogue raisonné identifies all of his known works. The author draws on his previous writings about Wild—themselves based on specialized studies by earlier scholars—and adds much new information about the artist’s early years in Philadelphia and his accomplishments elsewhere. This talented but largely ignored artist who died well over a century and a half ago is thus at last provided the recognition he deserves.
Winner of the 2008 Dwight L. Smith (ABC-CLIO) Award from the the Western History Association.
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