Credo Reference is featuring the following Topic Pages this month:
Credo Reference includes 823 reference ebooks and more than 3.4 million full text entries. Take a look!
In this loving memoir Wayne Johnston returns to Newfoundland – the people, the place, the politics – and illuminates his family’s story . . .
Descendants of the Irish who settled in Ferryland, Lord Baltimore’s Catholic colony in Newfoundland, the Johnstons “went from being sea-fearing farmers to sea-faring fishermen.” Each generation resolves to escape the hardships of life at sea, but their connection to this fantastically beautiful but harsh land is as eternal as the rugged shoreline, and the separations that result between generations may be as inevitable as the winters they endure. Unfulfilled dreams haunt this family history and make Baltimore’s mansion a thrilling and captivating book. –amazon.com
Winner of the 2000 RBC Charles Taylor Prize.
Tracing the movement from its origins in the 1920s to its decline in the 1950s and 1960s, Durozoi tells the history of Surrealism through its activities, publications, and reviews, demonstrating its close ties to some of the most explosive political, as well as creative, debates of the twentieth century. Unlike other histories, which focus mainly on the pre-World War II years of the movement in Paris, Durozoi covers both a wider chronological and geographic range, treating in detail the postwar years and Surrealism’s colonization of Latin America, the United States, Japan, Czechoslovakia, Belgium, Italy, and North Africa. Drawing on documentary and visual evidence–including 1,000 photos, many of them in color–he illuminates all the intellectual and artistic aspects of the movement, from literature and philosophy to painting, photography, and film. All the Surrealist stars and their most important works are here–Aragon, Borges, Breton, Buñuel, Cocteau, Crevel, Dalí, Desnos, Ernst, Man Ray, Soupault, and many more–for all of whom Durozoi has provided brief biographical notes in addition to featuring them in the main text.
Winner of the 2003 Robert Motherwell Book Award, sponsored by The Dedalus Foundation.
This major work offers a new interpretation of the witchcraft beliefs of European intellectuals between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries, showing how these beliefs fitted rationally with other beliefs of the period and how far the nature of rationality is dependent on its historical context. –amazon.com
Winner of the 1997 Gladstone History Book Prize, sponsored by the Royal Historical Society.
Some 35,000 people were condemned to death in England and Wales between 1770 and 1830, and 7,000 were ultimately executed, the majority convicted of crimes such as burglary, horse theft, or forgery. Mostly poor trades people–weavers, clerks, whipmakers–these terrified men and women would suffer excruciating death before large and excited crowds. Indeed, crowds of three to seven thousand were normal, and for famous cases, the mob could swell to 50,000 or more (100,000 were said to have watched the hanging of murderers Holloway and Haggarty–so great a throng that 30 spectators were crushed to death). What brought people out for such a gruesome spectacle? How did they feel about the deadly justice meted out in their midst? These are some of the questions examined in The hanging tree, a fascinating history of public executions in their awful heyday in England.
Drawing on letters, diaries, ballads, and poignant appeals for mercy, Gatrell vividly recreates the social atmosphere and heated debate swirling about these cruel spectacles. He gives readers an unflinching look at what these executions were really like, paints a colorful portrait of the large crowds who gathered to watch, and describes the part the gallows played in the popular imagination (as reflected in flash ballads, Punch and Judy shows, and broadsides). Gatrell illuminates the debate over public execution that raged in polite society, discussing the commentary of writers such as Boswell, Byron, Thackeray, and Dickens, most of whom deplored the behavior of the crowd more than the inhumanity of the sentence (Macaulay denounced abolitionists as effeminate). And Gatrell also examines the attitudes of the judges, politicians, and monarch who decided who should be reprieved and who should hang (a mortal decision often delivered with the one-sentence formula: “Let the law run its course”). Throughout the book, Gatrell traces how attitudes to death and suffering changed as the century progressed (after 1837, for instance, only murderers were hung, and after 1868, public executions were abolished). Perhaps most surprising, Gatrell reveals that the demise of public hanging owed little to humanitarianism. In part, polite society simply preferred not to look at the ugly machine of justice that subtly served their interests. But ultimately, Gatrell contends, it was the unleashed passions of the scaffold crowd the unsettled the middle class: the crowd mirrored the state’s violence too candidly and gave the lie to middle-class pretensions of civility and humanity.
Panoramic in scope, authoritatively researched, and gripping from beginning to end, The hanging tree radically alters our sense of the past. It is not only a history of emotions, but also an emotional story, invested with the author’s own incredulity and anger over the merciless events he chronicles. Taking up the plight of those who felt the hand of justice at its heaviest, he recaptures the lived experience of people poorly served by their own criminal law.
Winner of the 1994 Whitfield Book Prize, sponsored by The Royal Historical Society.
Brian Greene, one of the world’s leading string theorists, peels away layers of mystery to reveal a universe that consists of eleven dimensions, where the fabric of space tears and repairs itself, and all matter―from the smallest quarks to the most gargantuan supernovas―is generated by the vibrations of microscopically tiny loops of energy. The elegant universe makes some of the most sophisticated concepts ever contemplated accessible and thoroughly entertaining, bringing us closer than ever to understanding how the universe works.
Winner of the 2000 General Prize from the Royal Society Winton Prizes for Science Books.
Middle-class family life in the 1950s brings to mind images of either smugly satisfied or miserably repressed nuclear families composed of breadwinning husbands, children, and housewives. Jessica Weiss delves beneath these mythic images and paints a far more complex picture that reveals strong continuities between the baby boomers and their parents. Combining interviews with American couples from the 1950s to the 1980s with a deft analysis of movies, television shows, magazines, and advice books from each decade, Weiss provides an unprecedented and intimate look at ordinary marriages in a time of sweeping cultural change.
Winner of the 2001 Frances Richardson Keller-Sierra Prize from the Western Association of Women Historians.
Credo Reference has added the following eight titles since January:
Our Credo Reference collection now includes 823 reference ebooks and more than 3.4 million full text entries. Take a look!
It’s Spring Break week here at Minnesota State University Moorhead and the library hours are different because of it. They are:
March 6-10 8:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
March 12 6:00 p.m.-11:00 p.m
Be careful out there.
March is Women’s History Month, a celebration of women’s achievements throughout history and their contributions to culture and society. Learn about women’s history with books, ebooks, and videos from our collection and check out these sites for more information:
WHEREAS, America’s immigrants are strong and valuable part of the social fabric of this nation; and
WHEREAS, The ALA Library Bill of Rights states that a person’s right to use a library should not be denied or abridged because of origin, age, background, or views; and
WHEREAS, The library community opposes all attempts at the local, state and federal level to restrict access to information by immigrants; and
WHEREAS, Restriction of access is a direct violation of the ALA Library Bill of Rights and Policy #60, Diversity, which states that “The American Library Association (ALA) promotes equal access to information for all persons and recognizes the ongoing need to increase awareness of and responsiveness to the diversity of the communities we serve”; now, therefore, be it
RESOLVED, That ALA strongly supports the protection of each person’s civil liberties, regardless of that individual’s nationality, residency, or status; and, be it further
RESOLVED, That ALA opposes any legislation that infringes on the rights of anyone in the USA or its territories, citizens or otherwise, to use library resources, programs, and services on national, state, and local levels.”
Welcome to the first edition of Blog Bites. Blog Bites are little snippets of other blog posts we would like to share with you. Our first bite is about an upcoming event at Metropolitan State University. To read the entire post click the link at the bottom. For more information on where to find the book, click on either of the linked titles. We hope you enjoy this bite.March 10: Silicon Valley design innovator speaks on “Designing Your Life”
After years as a successful tech executive at Apple and Electronic Arts, Dave Evans came to realize that his real mission in life was to help others find theirs. Now, he teaches Life Design at Stanford University and is the co-author of Designing Your Life. Evans’ lectures are transformative for both college students and executives, inspiring them to view life not as a problem that needs to be solved, but as a creative adventure.
Evans will speak about ideas he and co-author Bill Burnett cover in their book Designing Your Life: How to Build a Well-Lived, and Joyful Life. The event is sponsored by the Career Center at Metropolitan State.
“Film noir” evokes memories of stylish, cynical, black-and-white movies from the 1940s and 1950s—melodramas about private eyes, femmes fatales, criminal gangs, and lovers on the run. In More than night, James Naremore discusses these pictures, but he also shows that the central term is more complex and paradoxical than we realize. Film noir refers both to an important cinematic legacy and to an idea we have projected onto the past.
This lively, wide-ranging cultural history offers an original approach to the subject, as well as new production information and fresh commentary on scores of films, including such classics as Double Indemnity, The Third Man, and Out of the Past, and such “neo noirs” as Chinatown, Pulp Fiction, and Devil in a Blue Dress. Naremore discusses film noir as a term in criticism; as an expression of artistic modernism; as a symptom of Hollywood censorship and politics in the 1940s; as a market strategy; as an evolving style; as a cinema about races and nationalities; and as an idea that circulates across all the information technologies. Interdisciplinary in approach, this book has valuable things to say not only about film and television, but also about modern literature, the fine arts, and popular culture in general. In a field where much of what has been published is superficial and derivative, Naremore’s work is certain to be received as a definitive treatment.
An “honorable mention” in 2000 for the Katherine Singer Kovács Book Award from the Society for Cinema and Media Studies.
The first comprehensive study of American war strategy in its domestic context. It shows how internal divisions – between political parties, presidents and Congress, elected representatives and bureaucrats, soldiers and civilians, and branches of the armed services – make the creation of strategy extraordinarily complex and explains why wartime goals, ways, and means were often disconnected. Warmaking and American democracy goes far beyond other accounts of U.S. military history by relating strategies and campaigns to policy goals and means. It invites serious reconsideration of how we wage war as it shows the complex nature of national security decision making in a democracy.
Winner of the 2000 Henry Adams Prize from the Society for History in the Federal Government.
In 1976 Gelya Frank began writing about the life of Diane DeVries, a woman born with all the physical and mental equipment she would need to live in our society–except arms and legs. Frank was 28 years old, DeVries 26. This remarkable book–by turns moving, funny, and revelatory–records the relationship that developed between the women over the next twenty years. An empathic listener and participant in DeVries’s life, and a scholar of the feminist and disability rights movements, Frank argues that Diane DeVries is a perfect example of an American woman coming of age in the second half of the twentieth century. By addressing the dynamics of power in ethnographic representation, Frank–anthropology’s leading expert on life history and life story methods–lays the critical groundwork for a new genre, “cultural biography.”
Challenged to examine the cultural sources of her initial image of DeVries as limited and flawed, Frank discovers that DeVries is gutsy, buoyant, sexy–and definitely not a victim. While she analyzes the portrayal of women with disabilities in popular culture–from limbless circus performers to suicidal heroines on the TV news–Frank’s encounters with DeVries lead her to come to terms with her own “invisible disabilities” motivating the study. Drawing on anthropology, philosophy, psychoanalysis, narrative theory, law, and the history of medicine, Venus on wheels is an intellectual tour de force.
Winner of the 2000 Eileen Basker Memorial Prize from the Society for Medical Anthropology.
Challenging previous accounts, Geoffrey Megargee shatters the myth that German generals would have prevailed in World War II if only Hitler had not meddled in their affairs. Indeed, Megargee argues, the German high command was much more flawed than many have suspected or acknowledged. Inside Hitler’s High Command reveals that while Hitler was the central figure in many military decisions, his generals were equal partners in Germany’s catastrophic defeat.
Megargee also offers new insights into the high command crises of 1938 and shows how German general staff made fatal mistakes in their planning for Operation Barbarossa in 1941. Their arrogant dismissal of the Soviet military’s ability to defend its homeland and virtual disregard for the extensive intelligence and sound logistics that undergird successful large-scale military campaigns ultimately came back to haunt them.
In the final assessment, observes Megargee, the generals’ strategic ideas were no better than Hitler’s and often worse. Heinz Guderian, Franz Halder, and the rest were as guilty of self-deception as their Fuhrer, believing that innate German superiority and strength of will were enough to overcome nearly any obstacle. Inside Hitler’s High Command exposes these surprising flaws and illuminates the process of strategy and decision making in the Third Reich.
Winner of a 2001 Distinguished Book Award from the Society for Military History.
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As America’s need for productive workers increases, Hamilton explains how apprenticeship would exploit workplaces as learning environments, helping young people to make the crucial connections between school learning, community participation, and a satisfying, constructive life’s work.
Winner of the 1990 Society for Research on Adolescence Book Award for best authored (as opposed to edited) book.
February is Black History Month in the United States and the perfect time to learn more about the history of African Americans in Minnesota. It grew out of Negro History Week which was first celebrated in 1926,created by the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH), an organization founded by historian Carter G. Woodson. It evolved into Black History Month in 1976.Learn More About Minnesota History
A recent story from the Pioneer Press profiled 16 Trailblazing Black Minnesotans You Should Know More About, such as George Bonga, a fur trader and voyageur of African American & Ojibwe descent, Lena O. Smith, Minnesota’s first Black woman attorney, and labor leader Nellie Stone Johnson.
Want to learn more about African Americans in Minnesota? Try these resources:
Join us at the Metropolitan State University Library on Saturday, February 25, 11:30 am – 1:30 pm, with an African American Storytelling Picnic featuring master storyteller Nothando Zulu, President of the Black Storyteller’s Alliance. Join us for this cozy, indoor, winter picnic to listen to stories from the African Diaspora. This event is co-sponsored by the Student Parent Center and Saint Paul Public Library.
© A Program of the colleges and universities of Minnesota State